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The COVID-19 Global Pandemic

Last Page Update: 2.11.21 at 7:50 a.m. ET

Status

Active Emergency

Date

January 30, 2020

Region

Global

Globally, as infection and death rates reach staggering levels, Americares is using every resource to fight the pandemic – from critical protective supplies to education, training and other support for our staff and partners here at home and around the world. The new vaccines offer hope, but preventive measures are still the key. (source: JHU)

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Health Workers Have Died

In the global pandemic

We focus on frontline health workers (more than 7,000 have died already in the global pandemic – 2,600 in the U.S.), keeping them safe so they can continue to do life-saving work for patients with COVID-19 and those patients in need of other essential health services and ongoing care for life-threatening conditions. Many at risk live in communities that are vulnerable to a daily and deadly inequality, especially in access to health care.

The Crisis

The Facts

The coronavirus outbreak, first reported in Wuhan China in December 2019 soon exploded into a Global Pandemic according to the World Health OrganizationCOVID-19, the name of the disease caused by the virus (SARS-CoV-2), continues its deadly spread with new waves of infection sweeping regions even as authorities scramble to roll out vaccines.

Latest on COVID-19 Pandemic

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Million

infections

in 188 countries and regions

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Million

deaths

have been reported worldwide

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Million

infections

have been reported in the U.S.

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deaths

have been reported in the U.S.

Even as over 40 million people have received a first shot of vaccine and some states and countries try to re-open, COVI9-19 rolls on, infecting millions of people globally and killing hundreds of thousands. The pandemic intensifies its onslaught in some countries amid progress in regions that emerge from lock-downs. India, Brazil, Russian and the United Kingdom follow the U.S. as the countries leading in infection rates. The situation worsened in Europe as a “second wave” emerged with France, Italy and the UK leading the way. The “third wave” in the U.S nearly overwhelmed some health systems and has seen an added threat with the appearance of variants of the virus. This highly contagious virus kills some and spares others, presenting symptoms that are unprecedented and unpredictable. Masking, handwashing and social distancing continue to be critical in combating COVID-19.

The total number of those infected in the U.S. accounts for nearly one fourth of all cases reported worldwide. States in the Northeast achieved success in fighting the spread by applying stringent mandates, while a number of states recorded sharp increases as they relaxed control measures and prematurely opened businesses and activities. Texas (with more than 20,000 dead) became the first state to surpass one million cases; California and Florida soon followed, and California, the first state to hit two million, has reached an infection level of 3.2 million. While lockdowns and restrictions continue, California is now reporting a decline in infection rate.

The re-opening of some schools and other efforts to resume normal activities presented new challenges to local authorities navigating uncharted waters. The U.S. has averaged nearly 108,000 new infections every day in the past week, after approaching 300,000 to establish a new daily record in January – according to the CDC COVID data tracker. A U.S. daily record for deaths has also been set at 4,000, and 95,000 died in the month of January. After hospitals across the country reported a hospitalization level of more than 100,000 patients each day for January, the infection rate has leveled off in recent days and is now in decline in all 50 states. But the death toll still climbs.

With the first two successfully tested vaccines receiving emergency approval from the FDAin the U.S. and with more in development, the rollout of a vaccine continues. It is a complex and lengthy process that faces logistical and supply challenges but progress is evident as reports of declining infection rates emerge. There can be no doubt that the wearing of masks, proper hand washing and social distancing remain the best weapons against infection.  The science is clear. They work. And consider “double masking” as an extra layer of protection. Continuing the 3 steps of prevention and getting vaccinated at the earliest opportunity are both necessary to stop COVID. Please click on the arrow in the image below and see the video of one of our health workers in Colombia teaching a very young fellow proper hand-washing skills.

To learn more about the vaccines, open the ” Trusted Resources” below and view a weekly COVID-19 vaccine Q&A with Americares Senior Pharmacist Erin Briggs.

The pandemic has proven especially lethal in predominantly Black and other neighborhoods of color that face systemic inequality including lack of access to quality health care. According to the COVID Racial Data Tracker, COVID has had a particularly deadly impact on Black, Indigenous, Latinx and other people of color with Black people dying at twice the rate of white people. As it rages in poor communities, it also threatens catastrophic growth in countries with large concentrations of urban poverty or with the most fragile health systems. In both rich and poor countries, the virus exposes and exploits every weak point in the health infrastructure. Where you live may determine whether you live or die. And that is why the COVAX pillar of access is critical as the only global effort to ensure that people in all corners of the world will get access to COVID-19 vaccines when they are available, regardless of their wealth. The COVID-19 Pandemic has brought new attention to the health inequity crisis on a national and global scale.

Video of one of our health workers in Colombia teaching a very young fellow proper hand-washing skills

Additional Information

Get Facts from Trusted Resources – on the Pandemic and COVID-19 Vaccines

Information you can trust

Americares is combating the spread of disinformation and promoting science and healthy behaviors that can help stem the spread of the virus. The first and most important response to a disease outbreak is to get good information. Get the facts, not fear and fight the “infodemic”.  Understand the complexity of assembling data from a vast variety of global sources and consider using more than one source (and make sure it is a trusted source) to get a broader picture of what is happening day to day in the Pandemic:

Getting the Facts on Vaccines

Vaccination is a safe and effective way to prevent disease and save lives – now more than ever.  Learn more about the vaccines and get the facts. Watch the latest video update as Americares Senior Pharmacist Erin Briggs answers questions about the COVID vaccines.

To find answers to more of your questions about vaccines visit the WHO vaccine tracker.

To track information on the various vaccines being developed for COVID-19 visit the New York Times vaccine tracker.

Getting the Facts by the Numbers

Johns Hopkins interactive map tracking the disease spread globally. Visit this excellent resource.

Another important daily data source can be found at CDC COVID data tracker.

And a “homemade” aggregator website put together by a single enterprising programmer that has become a valued, accessible data source.

The COVID Racial Data Tracker is a collaboration between the COVID Tracking Project and the Antiracist Research & Policy Center. Click here for the most complete race and ethnicity data on COVID-19 in the United States.

Researchers and Public Health Experts unite to bring clarity to key metrics guiding coronavirus response. This is a new resource about COVID risk levels in different locations to help guide personal decision-making. Click here to access this new information.

NPR: Tracking the global spread of the outbreak – follow this regularly updated map and timeline.

Washington Post: How Do We Build Herd Immunity? Click here to learn how it happens>

Expert Sources

Resources for Health Centers

Americares also offers this useful resource for health workers and our health center partners around the country who serve the most vulnerable during the COVID-19 pandemic. Visit our clinic resource page.

Read a Brief COVID Global Pandemic History

A Global Crisis

Global Pandemic

The coronavirus outbreak that was first reported in December 2019 in Wuhan China exploded into a Global Pandemic – spreading like flood waters finding any and every opening to infect and kill

According to an NPR virus tracker COVID-19, the official name of the disease caused by the virus (SARS-CoV-2) registered its first confirmed cases outside China on Jan. 20, in Japan, Thailand and South Korea.  On Jan. 21, the first case in the U.S. was identified in Washington state. On Jan. 24, the first two European cases were confirmed in France. By Feb. 1, eight European nations had confirmed cases of COVID-19, and a month later that count had risen to 24 countries with at least 2,200 cases, most of them in Italy. On March 11 as Italy surpassed 10,000 cases, China, the original epicenter, began to see a drop in cases of infection.  March also saw a rapid spread of the virus throughout the U.S., with all 50 states reporting cases by March 17.  The world took three months to reach the mark of 100,000 reported infections. The second 100,000 were added in just 12 days.

The danger to health systems is a central concern, particularly the vulnerability of health workers; thousands of health workers have been infected and many have died as health facilities become overwhelmed by the numbers of patients. Of the more that 7,000 health worker deaths that have been officially recorded, the largest number have occurred in Mexico and the U.S. (more than 2,900 in the U.S.). A lack of consistent data on health workers has hampered efforts to report on the exact toll COVID-19 is having on health workers globally and in the U.S.

Keeping a human face on staff member at Magdlena clinic in Colombia
Keeping a human face on staff member at Magdalena clinic in Colombia

Of the 188 countries/regions infected, the U.S. faces the largest outbreak. Spain and Italy in the early stages of the pandemic had a much higher death rate, reflecting an aging population – the virus is most deadly to the elderly and those with underlying health issues. Countries taking an early systematic approach to stemming the outbreak saw a leveling off and decline in reported cases, highlighting the impact of prevention and protection programs while other countries such as Brazil and Russia that have been slower to respond continue to see the infection rate accelerate. Italy and Spain shut down as the outbreak intensified and other countries closed their borders, steps that slowed the spread and offered a cautious path toward reopening. Countries such as New Zealand, Vietnam and Senegal have set a standard for controlling the outbreak early by quickly establishing and following strict disease control protocols.

Pandemic in the U.S.

Impact on Vulnerable Communities

Pandemic in the U.S.

Soon after one of the first U.S. cases was reported in Washington State on January 21, another significant outbreak followed in Westchester County NY where a “containment zone” was established – a hot spot that began with one infected person. The swift decision to implement more stringent measures, including closing businesses and all but essential services, self-quarantines, masks, testing, tracing, social distancing and strong shelter-in-place recommendations in both Washington State and the Westchester communities slowed the rate of infection in those early outbreaks.

New York City soon became the major national hot zone and New York state the epicenter of the outbreak with more reported infections than any country. As the rate of infection and death toll increased in the U.S., many states including California, New York, Illinois, Ohio and Louisiana issued the “shelter-in- place” order. Communities throughout the country restricted all gatherings and encouraged people to limit social interaction and stay home to slow the progression of the pandemic. States and cities cancelled major events, conferences and other large gatherings while closing all businesses deemed non-essential and banning most events.

Decisions by some state and local leaders to keep strong measures in place to contain the virus for an extended period led to a leveling off and a significant decline in the infection and death rates in a handful of states. New York state implemented a phased reopening in regions that achieved certain benchmarks of lowered infection and fatality rates, while at the same time new hot spots emerge in many states as the pandemic continues its deadly spread. The new outbreaks have led to travel restrictions into states that have achieved a sharp decline in infection and death rates.

Loading shipment of masks for health workers
Loading shipment of masks for health workers

One of the most disturbing aspects of the pandemic is its disproportionate impact on vulnerable communities, particularly predominantly Black neighborhoods where social and economic inequality, a greater incidence of underlying health conditions and lack of access to health care have contributed to an alarming disparity in infection rates and deaths. The continuing nationwide protests against systemic racism have given the entire issue a major role in the pandemic narrative.

Medical experts had cautioned that a premature reopening and lack of government mandates could lead to a resurgence of infections which has happened in some states. The disease remains relentless, striking government leaders, top athletes and celebrities right along with health and other essential workers on the front lines of the service economy. The death of more than 2,900 health workers already in the U.S., brutally underlines the critical importance of adequate supplies of protective equipment and infection prevention supplies, as well as training in their use.

Our Response

What are we doing?

01 — Delivering Critical Supplies

Americares is delivering protective supplies – masks, gowns, gloves and disinfectants – as well as leading support groups and skill-building workshops for health workers in COVID-19 hot spots. Our global distribution network has provided more than 11.8 million units of protective equipment and infection-prevention supplies to health facilities in 26 countries, including: the Bahamas, Bangladesh, Colombia, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Ghana, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Lebanon, Liberia, Mali, Malawi, Peru, Philippines, Sierra Leone, St. Lucia, Syria, Tanzania, Venezuela, Yemen, Zambia and the United States.

In the U.S. alone, Americares has delivered over 200 tons of protective supplies to health facilities in 49 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands and Northern Mariana Islands. We provided 3.8 million protective supplies to U.S. health workers including masks gloves, disinfectants and other critical supplies. Our support also includes 32 tons of personal protective equipment, infection-control supplies and hygiene products for Native American communities devastated by the COVID-19 pandemic. Read more about the shipments of critically needed supplies to the Hopi Tribe and Navajo Nation.

More international and domestic shipments are planned. Click here for the most recent list of our U.S. partners who have received supplies.

Americares global network of health care partners depends on the continuity of regular shipments of medicine and supplies from our distribution center. The most vulnerable in these communities have no other access to care. To that end our distribution center staff continue their efforts to maintain the critical lifeline while keeping the staff safe.

Photo from our Distribution Center preparing emergency shipments.

Staff of the Americares global distribution center in Stamford, Conn., prepare a series of aid shipments for Armenia. Photo by Juan Santana/Americares

Watch the video of our Distribution Center in action!

02 — Providing Clinical Care

Americares is continuing to care for patients at its primary care clinics in Colombia, Connecticut, India and El Salvador and referring patients with suspected COVID-19 infections for testing. In Connecticut our clinics are using telehealth services to care for patients. Our Free Clinics staff have been seeing patients directly since August with careful attention to the protection of patient and staff with PPE and protocols. In an effort to support financially strapped patients, the Clinics also launched a campaign to collect grocery gift cards for patients with families at risk of food insecurity.

Our top concern is the capacity of under-resourced health centers to respond to the pandemic. Americares is training health workers in infection prevention and control, disaster preparedness and mental health and psychosocial support. To date, Americares has hosted 362 training sessions attended by nearly 28,700 participants. We are developing and utilizing COVID-19 specific training modules to ensure health workers treating critically ill patients are equipped to manage their own stress and anxiety, as well as support patients and caregivers who rely on them. Americares has trained more than 8.000 participants in psychological first aid and coping skills to handle fear, stress and anxiety.

We have provided communities with infrastructure improvements, such as over 476 hand-washing and hand-sanitizing stations, supporting partners in Haiti, Colombia, El Salvador, Malawi, Tanzania, and Philippines.

In Peru, collaborating with VIDA Peru, Americares has conducted seven mobile health clinics in Lima, Lambayeque, and Piura beginning in August. As of November 26th, 5,713 patient consultations have been provided through the Mobile Health Clinics program. We are also helping to provide COVID-19 surge support in hospitals and primary care centers across the country. As of November 26th, 9,349 patient consultations have been provided at the supported health facilities.

Americares knows from a long history of disaster response that maintaining primary care services during crisis is critical to saving lives and restoring health.

Two women at a reception desk with one holding a phone to her ear.

Watch the video with Nurse Practitioner Mary Beth Fessler on treating patients at Americares Free Clinics during the pandemic.

Additional Information

Providing Training and Resources

Resources for Health Centers

Americares offers this useful resource for health workers and our health center partners around the country who serve the most vulnerable during the COVID-19 pandemic. Visit our clinic resource page.

Institutional partners supporting our COVID-19 response

Americares thanks you

Americares Thanks You

Thank you to the following institutional partners for their support of Americares COVID-19 response:

Americares Emergency Response Partners

AbbVie
Aetna Foundation
The Alexion Charitable Foundation
The AmerisourceBergen Foundation
Avangrid Foundation
Baxter International Foundation
Bristol Myers Squibb Foundation
Cisco
Dutch Bros Coffee
Emergen-C
FirstRespondersFirst
GE
Global Impact
Kyowa Kirin
Legg Mason Global Asset Management
Medtronic
Peacock
New York Football Giants
Novartis
Novo Nordisk
P&G
Rural India Supporting Trust
The Leona M. and Harry B. Helmsley Charitable Trust
UBS Optimus
Xylem Watermark

Your Response

What can you do?

Head nurse interviewing patient sitting at a table in Colombia clinic

We work with a dedicated and experienced staff, a global network of health care partners, corporate partners and donors. The success of this unprecedented fight against a global pandemic relies on the coordinated efforts of federal, state and local authorities, global and local non-profits, community action and most of all you.

You have the greatest power to change the course of this global disaster: Wear a mask, keep social distancing (remember the 6-foot rule), and wash your hands thoroughly and properly (for 20 seconds). It will protect you, your family and your community.

And you can do one other important thing: Fight the “infodemic” by getting the facts, sharing the facts and following the science (which means following the three steps just mentioned). We can do this.

Next

02 — Protect Yourself

A patient with respiratory symptoms is examined at the Americares Family Clinic in Santiago de Maria as part of Americares expanded COVID-19 response supported by USAID. Photo courtesy of Americares.

Prevention and protection come down to individual actions to keep everyone safer. Those actions are the key to controlling the pandemic. Remember to be vigilant even as the first two vaccine received FDA emergency approval, and the vaccine rollout has begun. It will be a long road before many people receive the required two doses. Some treatments show promise but none offer a cure. The virus is not going away. In fact, it has returned in second and third waves with a vengeance along with new variants of the virus. It remains highly contagious, and it waits for any opportunity. Don’t give it one. Masks, social distance and hand washing/sanitizing remain as important as ever and perhaps more so.

Download a useful guide on proper hand washing and other preventive tips right now. It might be a lifesaver.

Haga clic aquí por un guía de lavado de manos—podría salvar su vida. Hag clic aquí.

“Because public health measures are really only as good as the public using them and implementing them, or at least the majority. I’d say that especially with this outbreak, this is something that we’re all in on together. It’s not just about my risk or my family’s risk, you know, and that kind of individual piece, this is something where we’re working as a community.”

Dr. Julie Varughese 
Next

03 — Protect Your Mental Health

photo of an elderly person's hand being comforted by the hands of an Americares team member.

A third of Americans report signs of clinical anxiety or depression in a US Census Bureau poll, documenting COVID-19’s alarming impact on mental health.

Watch mental health experts discuss and share mental health issues that arise during a crisis along with tips from Mental Health professional Lisa LaDue about relieving stress in difficult times. vimeo.com/showcase/mentalhealthindisasters

Join Us

Want to help? Join us in spreading awareness on social media of how to properly protect your family, your community and yourself. Visit our toolkit page to view infographics and other helpful sharing tools.

A woman in a face masks gets her temperature taken by two medical workers in full PPE gear.

Our History Responding to Disease Outbreaks.

Americares has extensive experience with outbreaks including in response to Ebola in West Africa and DRCZika in Latin America and the Caribbean as well as recent outbreaks of Measles and Dengue so we are ready to respond as the situation evolves. The organization has professional relief workers ready to respond to disasters at a moment’s notice and stocks emergency medicine and supplies in warehouses in the United States, Europe and India that can be delivered quickly in times of crisis.